Fitness Terms You'll Want to Know
When you start working out you may not be aware of certain terms or acronyms, Don't worry it's nothing to worry about it! Your workouts are important for your overall wellbeing so it's important to know what you're doing and why. Here we break the most popular ones down for you...
1RMP (One Rep Max)
This is the maximum weight that you can lift for one repetition of an exercise. When you do a maximum lift, you should have nothing left for another repetition.
This acronym stands for “as many reps as possible”. An AMRAP workout is a type of high-intensity training where you push yourself as hard as you can during the work phase, and rest between sets.
Rather than focusing on completing a specific number of repetitions, during an AMRAP session the aim is to complete the maximum number of repetitions of an exercise that you can do within a set time.
A burnout set is an exercise or set of exercises done at the end of a workout. A burnout targets the same muscle group worked during the main workout. A lighter weight is used in an effort to do a high number of exercise repetitions.
Burnout sets help to stimulate muscle growth. During a burnout exercise, lactate builds up in the muscle, stimulating the production of hormones that encourage muscle growth, which is also known as muscle hypertrophy.
A circuit consists of a series of exercises performed in sequence, with a short rest in between each exercise. A circuit can be timed, where you do as many laps as you can in a given time frame.
HICT (High Intensity Circuit Training)
High-intensity circuit training is a style of training utilising high-intensity exercises you complete in circuits in order to build cardiovascular fitness and strength. This training style typically combines both strength and cardio exercises in one workout.
HIIT (High Intensity Interval Training)
High-intensity interval training uses high-intensity exercises designed to increase your heart rate to its maximum, for a short period of time. You then take a brief rest and repeat.
A HIIT workout usually consists of several work-rest intervals. During the work interval you exercise as hard as you can, raising your heart rate to its maximum zone. During the rest interval you either rest completely or continue moving at a low intensity, allowing your heart rate to decrease. This training style has significant benefits for your cardiovascular health and overall fitness. High-intensity training also boosts your metabolism, so you continue to burn energy after your workout is done.
HIRT (High Intensity Resistance Training)
High intensity resistance training is when you undertake strength training at a high-intensity. Resistance is provided by weights, resistance bands or gym machines. The focus is on giving the maximum muscular effort rather than reaching your maximum heart rate zone. Benefits of HIRT include building muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness, increasing power and burning fat fast and effectively.
“Reps” are the number of times that you repeat a given exercise consecutively. Repeating an exercise multiple times helps to build muscular strength and endurance.
This type of workout is designed to help your body to recover from your other training. It usually involves stretching, foam-rolling and other gentle exercise to get the blood flowing to the muscles promoting muscle recovery.
Resistance training is any form of exercise that builds muscle strength and endurance. It can be bodyweight training or strength training using weights and equipment.
A superset is where you alternate between two exercises, with either no rest or a short rest between each. Supersets usually consist of exercises targeting opposing muscle groups, for example, biceps and triceps or quadriceps and hamstrings.
The idea is that the muscle worked in the first exercise is allowed to rest and recover, while the opposing muscle or muscle group is worked. This helps to save time during your workout. Supersets help you to build strength in a balanced and holistic manner, reducing risk of injury
Tabata training is a type of high-intensity interval training. It consists of short workout blocks that consist of 20 seconds at maximum effort, followed by 10 seconds of rest. Tabata is highly effective and helps improve power and cardiovascular fitness.